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Complete And Partial Dentures

 Complete And Partial Dentures

A denture is a removable dental appliance used as a replacement for
missing teeth and surrounding tissue.  They are made to closely resemble
your natural teeth and may even enhance your smile.


There are
two types of dentures – complete and partial dentures.  Complete
dentures are used when all of the teeth are missing, while partial
dentures are used when some natural teeth remain.  A Partial denture not
only fills in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other
teeth from shifting.


A Complete denture may be either
“conventional” or “immediate.”  A conventional type is made after the
teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has healed, usually taking 4
to 6 weeks.  During this time the patient will go without teeth.
 Immediate dentures are made in advance and immediately placed after the
teeth are removed, thus preventing the patient from having to be
without teeth during the healing process.  Once the tissues shrink and
heal, adjustments will have to be made.


Dentures are very durable
appliances and will last many years, but may have to be remade,
repaired, or readjusted due to normal wear.


When to Get Dentures

All
teeth have been lost in the upper or lower jaw – Complete Denture.
Several teeth in the upper or lower jaw have been lost – Partial
Denture. Dentures can help to improve your smile and facial appearance,
improve your chewing, speech, and digestion.


The Process of Getting Dentures

The
process of getting dentures requires several appointments, usually over
several weeks.  Highly accurate impressions (molds) and measurements
are taken and used to create your custom denture.  Several “try-in”
appointments may be necessary to ensure proper shape, color, and fit.
 At the final appointment, we will precisely adjust and place the
completed denture, ensuring a natural and comfortable fit.


It is
normal to experience increased saliva flow, some soreness, and possible
speech and chewing difficulty, however this will subside as your muscles
and tissues get used to the new dentures.


You will be given care
instructions for your new dentures.  Proper cleaning of your new dental
appliance, good oral hygiene, and regular dental visits will aid in the
life of your new dentures.


Denture Complications

While
every effort is made to make a good and functional denture, please keep
in mind that there is no such thing as a perfect denture. After delivery
of the denture, it may require a few adjustment visits and some time
for you and your new denture to adapt to each other. The most important
point to remember is that adjusting to your new dentures is a process;
it sometimes takes a little time to get used to.


A new denture can also alter your eating and speaking habits and it may require a bit of practicing before you get comfortable.

Finally,
due to differences in the shapes of the jaws and the strong muscle
movement of the tongue and cheek, a lower denture may be harder to keep
in the mouth compared to an upper denture.


Complete Dentures

Complete dentures can be either "conventional" or "immediate."

Conventional
complete dentures are made after all the teeth have been removed and
the gum tissue has healed. A conventional denture is ready for placement
in the mouth about eight to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed.


Immediate
complete dentures are fabricated prior to teeth removal and inserted in
the mouth on the same day that the teeth are removed. As a result, the
wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period.


Partial Denture

Partial
dentures are replacement teeth for people who have lost one or more of
their teeth. Partial dentures can be taken in and out of the mouth and
consist of a denture base, which closely resembles the color of your
gums and denture teeth, which are attached to a supporting framework.
The partial denture then attaches to the existing teeth via a clasp or
some other retentive device.


Partial dentures are made using a
model of your mouth. Making a partial denture requires about 6-8 weeks,
however this can vary from one patient to another. It also could depend
on the type of denture and the technique your dentist or the laboratory
technician uses.


Partial Denture Treatment

The first step
in making a partial denture is the preparation of the teeth. During this
phase your dentist may prepare the teeth that the partial denture will
use for support. Next, your dentist will take an accurate impression of
the upper and lower arches of your mouth and records your bite. The
impressions are then sent to the dental laboratory.


At the
subsequent visits your dentist will evaluate your bite, test your speech
and check the appearance and function of the partial denture teeth and
gums.


After the final satisfactory fit and appearance are
achieved, the denture is then sent back to the laboratory for final
fabrication.


Partial Denture Complication

While every
effort is made to make a good and functional partial denture, it may
require a few adjustment visits and a little time for you and your
partial denture to adapt to each other. The most important point to
remember is that adjusting to your partial denture is a process; in some
cases, it takes weeks to get used to a partial denture.


A new
partial denture can also alter your eating and speaking habits and it
may require a bit of practicing before you get comfortable.


Immediate Denture

Immediate
dentures are made using your mouth as a model. First, the dentist will
take an accurate impression of the upper and lower arches of your mouth
and establish a bite that best resembles your original bite. The dentist
will also help you select the shape and color of the denture teeth and
gums. This impression is then sent to the dental laboratory.


During
the next visit the dentist will adjust your bite, test your speech and
check the appearance and functionality of the denture teeth and gums.
Sometimes it is necessary to repeat this step to ensure that everything
is just right.


After a satisfactory fit and appearance are
achieved, the denture is then sent back to the laboratory for
fabrication. At the subsequent visit, the remaining teeth will be
removed and the denture will be delivered. Please note that the
extractions may be performed at one visit or they may be removed in two
or more visits depending on the number and condition of the teeth to be
extracted, the shape of your jaws and your health condition. The dentist
will best advise you of the preferred timing for your extractions.


Immediate Denture Complications

While
every effort is made to make a good and functional denture, please keep
in mind that there is no such a thing as a perfect denture. After
delivery of the immediate denture, it may require a few adjustment
visits and some time for you and your immediate denture to adapt to each
other. This is due to the fact that when your gums heal following the
extractions they will shrink for a period of about 6 months and the
denture needs to be re-based or re-lined to fit properly.


The
most important point to remember is that adjusting to your immediate
dentures is a process; in some cases, it takes weeks or months to get
used to your immediate denture.


An immediate denture can also
alter your eating; you will not have the same chewing efficiency as you
had with your natural teeth. An immediate denture will also alter your
speaking and it may require a bit of practicing before you get
comfortable. Keep in mind that due to differences in the shapes of the
jaws and the strong muscle movements of the tongue and cheek, a lower
denture may be harder to keep in the mouth compared to an upper denture.


Fortunately
there are new alternatives now, such as implants, which can help
restore functionality that is more like natural teeth. You can discuss
this possibility with the dentist.


Different Types of Partial Dentures

There
are newly developed techniques in making partial dentures. One such
advance is an implant-supporting partial denture that helps give
additional support to the partial denture. While it offers additional
support it also requires the placement of implants in your mouth before
making the denture.


There is also a partial denture that uses a
special material called valplast which is more aesthetically pleasing to
the eye. This kind of partial does not use metal as its base and has
hooks that are made with a flexible plastic material.


Stayplate (Temporary Denture)

If
you are scheduled to have a tooth pulled before getting your partial
denture, then your dentist may advise you to get a temporary partial
denture or a stayplate while your gums and their supporting bone are
healing. A stayplate will replace the missing tooth or teeth and can
help you with your chewing and speaking until a more permanent solution
is achieved. A stayplate will also help maintain your appearance when in
public and keep your existing teeth from shifting in your mouth and
creating bigger problems.


The Stayplate Treatment

Stayplates
are made using your mouth as a model. First, your dentist will take an
accurate impression of the upper and lower arches of your mouth and
establish a bite that best resembles your original bite. Your dentist
will also help you select the shape and color of the stayplate teeth and
gums. This impression is then sent to the dental laboratory.


At the subsequent visit, the teeth will be removed and the stayplate will be delivered.

Are There Alternatives to Dentures?

Yes,
dental implants are becoming the alternative to dentures but not
everyone is a candidate for implants. Please call our office to find out
if you are a candidate for dentures or implants.


Will Eating with New Dentures Be Difficult?

Eating
with new dentures will take a little practice and may be uncomfortable
for some wearers for a few weeks. To get used to the new denture, start
with soft foods cut into small pieces. Chew slowly using both sides of
your mouth. As you get used to new dentures, add other foods until you
return to a normal diet.


Do you need dentures?

Our dentist arlington ma would be happy to create a treatment plan based on
your specific needs. If you think you might benefit from dentures,
contact us
to schedule an appointment today. We also serve other nearby
communities like Belmont, Cambridge, Lexington, Medford, Somerville,
Watertown, and Winchester.